An Orleans silo is a server that hosts and executes Orleans grains. It has one listening port for silo-to-silo messaging and another for client-to-silo messaging. Typically, one silo is run per machine.
A number of silos can work together by forming an Orleans cluster. Orleans runtime fully automates cluster management. All silos use a shared membership store that is updated dynamically and helps coordinate cluster management. Silos learn about each others' status by reading the shared store. At any time, a silo can join a cluster by registering in a the shared store. This way the cluster can can scale-out dynamically at runtime. Orleans provides resilience and availability by removing unresponsive silos from the cluster.
For an in-depth detailed documentation of how Orleans manages a cluster, read about Cluster Management.
Next we look at what a client is and how it interacts in the Orleans architecture.